H. Clifford and Evelyn A. Brosey Chair of Engineering
University of Notre Dame
"Biomedical nanotechnology for cancer diagnosis and therapy"
We are using “live cell lithography” to create in vitro three-dimensional microenvironments conducive to engrafting tumor cells, i.e. a metastatic niche, that reproduces the structure and mRNA expression observed in micro-metastases extracted from breast cancer patients, and then determine the effect of the microenvironment on the metastatic potential. By controlling the architecture of the tissue, the cell-type and position, as well as the flow and gradients of soluble signals, growth factors (GF) and nutrients we will discover the factors triggering metastasis with single cell resolution.
Another project involves the detection of proteins secreted from cells which can mediate intercellular communication and so affect gene expression. These proteins comprise a complex and sparse set of molecules referred to as the ‘secretome’. We are testing the feasibility of using a nanopore for analysis and manipulation of the secretome. Our results will extend the frontier of secretomics towards single molecule analysis with single cell resolution, offering an unprecedented probe of tissue heterogeneity. We hypothesize that the exquisite control over the electrostatic potential available in a silicon device—specifically, a nanopore in a dielectric membrane—can be exploited to trap and identify proteins, and even manipulate the secretome through cell transfection. We expect to use the potential in a nanopore to directly manipulate protein electrostatics, forcing it to denature. The corresponding forces will then be used to identify the protein. Furthermore, we expect that control over the electrostatic potential in a pore could be used to manipulate the secretome of a cell positioned close enough to the pore through transfection of nucleic acids via electroporation, so that the same device could be used to analyze and manipulate the secretome at the same time.